Photovoltaic (PV) panels
PV panels are made up of layers of semi-conducting material (often silicon). They create electricity by converting sunlight into direct current electricity. When certain materials are struck by sunlight, the material absorbs photons from the sunlight and releases electrons, resulting in an electric field across the layers. As the free electrons are captured, an electric current results.
Beaver Ponds EEC has two PV panel arrays, one located on the barn and one on the residence. The photovoltaic system produces the majority of the electrical power for the site.
The first PV panel array contains 40 Schott PV panels, each generating up to 0.25 kW. In total, the barn array is capable of generating up to 10.0 kW of power. The second 6-panel array is used to recharge the backup electrical supply for the residence and office.
About 360,000 homes in the U.S. have installed solar systems. Photovoltaic energy (including commercial arrays) generates about 16.1 gigawatts of power in the U.S. One gigawatt can power about 700,000 average American homes.